Muziek & Autisme
Rethinking the role of music in the neurodevelopment of autism spectrum disorder
Thenille Braun Janzen, Michael H. Thaut
Music has played a prominent role in the clinical and research literature on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in regard to diagnosis, therapy, and behavioral observations of exceptional artistic abilities in this population. Music as therapy for ASD has traditionally focused on social interaction, communication skills, and social-emotional behaviors.
However, recently, there has been an increased research focus on the role of motor and attention functions as part of the hallmark features of ASD, which may have significant implications for the role of music as an intervention for individuals with autism. The purpose of this article is to provide a critical appraisal of new research developments for therapists and researchers to potentially reassess the role of music as intervention to support healthy neurodevelopment in individuals with ASD and expand the current clinical scope of practice in music therapy for autism.
Our argument is based upon compelling research evidence indicating that motor and attention deficits are deeply implicated in the healthy neurodevelopment of socio-communication skills and may be key indicators of structural and functional brain dysfunction in ASD.
In light of this evidence, we suggest that music-based developmental training for attention and motor control may receive a critical new functional role in the treatment of autism due to the significant effect of auditory-motor entrainment on motor and attention functions and brain connectivity. Lees hier het volledige artikel
An Analysis of Music Therapy Program Goals and Outcomes for Clients with Diagnoses on the Autism Spectrum
Ronna S. Kaplan, Anita Louise Steele
The researchers analyzed data related to goals and outcomes over 2 program years for 40 music therapy clients, ranging in age from 2–49 years, with diagnoses on the autism spectrum. They investigated music therapy interventions, session types, and formats most frequently used; goals most frequently addressed; assessed level of difficulty of clients and their situations; and generalization of skills attained in music therapy to other settings.
The most common session type was individual, followed by partner, small or large groups, peer model, or a combination. Primary goal areas were ranked from language/communication (41%), behavioral/psychosocial (39%), cognitive (8%), and musical (7%), to perceptual/motor (5%). One hundred percent of subjects reached their initial objectives in these goal areas within one year or less, regardless of session type, level of difficulty, or goal area.
Seventy-seven percent of intermediate objectives were reached within that time. The most frequently utilized interventions were interactive instrument playing, musical instrument instruction, interactive singing, instrument choices, and song choices. Specific interventions chosen did not affect accomplishment of initial objectives. However, there was more variation among interventions in terms of achievement of intermediate objectives.
Session formats were ranked from activity-based as most frequent to lesson-based, client-led/“shadow,” and ensemble format. All formats were successful when addressing initial objectives, with lesson-based format being most effective in reaching intermediate objectives.
Lastly, 100% of parents and caregivers surveyed indicated subjects generalized skills/responses acquired in music therapy to nonmusic therapy environments.Lees hier het volledige onderzoek
Music improves social communication and auditory–motor connectivity in children with autism
Megha Sharda, Carola Tuerk, Rakhee Chowdhury, Kevin Jamey, Nicholas Foster, Melanie Custo-Blanch, Melissa Tan, Aparna Nadig, and Krista Hyde
Music has been identified as a strength in people with Autism Spectrum Disorder; however, there is currently no neuroscientific evidence supporting its benefits. Given its universal appeal, intrinsic reward value and ability to modify brain and behaviour, music may be a potential therapeutic aid in autism. This study provides the first evidence that 8–12 weeks of individual music intervention can indeed improve social communication and functional brain connectivity, lending support to further investigations of neurobiologically. Lees hier het volledige artikel