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Muziek & Parkinson

Active music therapy in Parkinson’s disease: an integrative method for motor and emotional rehabilitation

Pacchetti, Mancini, Aglieri, Fundarò, Martignoni, Nappi

BACKGROUND:
Modern management of Parkinson’s disease (PD) aims to obtain symptom control, to reduce clinical disability, and to improve quality of life. Music acts as a specific stimulus to obtain motor and emotional responses by combining movement and stimulation of different sensory pathways. We explored the efficacy of active music therapy (MT) on motor and emotional functions in patients with PD.

RESULTS:
MT had a significant overall effect on bradykinesia as measured by the Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (p < .034). Post-MT session findings were consistent with motor improvement, especially in bradykinesia items (p < .0001). Over time, changes on the Happiness Measure confirmed a beneficial effect of MT on emotional functions (p < .0001). Improvements in activities of daily living and in quality of life were also documented in the MT group (p < .0001). PT improved rigidity (p < .0001).

CONCLUSIONS:
MT is effective on motor, affective, and behavioral functions. We propose active MT as a new method for inclusion in PD rehabilitation programs. Lees hier het volledige onderzoek

 

Music therapy in parkinson’s disease: Improvement of parkinsonian gait and depression with rhythmic auditory stimulation

Akito Hayashi,Masanori Nagaokab, Yoshikuni Mizunoa

In conclusion, our study indicates that music embedded by rhythmic auditory stimulation without gait training is highly effective in treating gait disturbance and depression associated with Parkinson’s disease.

With regard to the mechanism by which rhythmic auditory stimulation improves the performance of such movements, in the absence of gait training, external stimulation may have enabled parkinsonian patients to reproduce the internal rhythmic generation of gait, thereby, allowing them to walk faster and more smoothly. Lees hier het volledige onderzoek

 

Into the groove: can rhythm influence Parkinson’s disease?

Nombela, Hughes, Owen, Grahn

Previous research has noted that music can improve gait in several pathological conditions, including Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease and stroke. Current research into auditory-motor interactions and the neural bases of musical rhythm perception has provided important insights for developing potential movement therapies.

Specifically, neuroimaging studies show that rhythm perception activates structures within key motor networks, such as premotor and supplementary motor areas, basal ganglia and the cerebellum – many of which are compromised to varying degrees in Parkinson’s disease.

It thus seems likely that automatic engagement of motor areas during rhythm perception may be the connecting link between music and motor improvements in Parkinson’s disease. This review seeks to describe the link, address core questions about its underlying mechanisms, and examine whether it can be utilized as a compensatory mechanism. lees hier het volledige onderzoek

Geschreven op 08 - sep - 2019